Dec 092015
 

Martial Arts is the mix of physical approaches and psychological discipline. It is made use of for protection, physical body strengthening, relaxation, in addition to competitors. Ladies frequently take fighting styles courses to find actions that will certainly aid them in situation of a strike. The actions of Fighting style are developed for even a small woman to use them effectively.

The legs and arms are made use of in Martial Arts moves. Practicing them will certainly assist you get in shape and also strengthen your physical body. Doing these actions will similarly aid unwind your mind. There are many different types of martial arts including karate as well as tae kwon do. Karate consists of numerous strikes and also kicks. The goal of martial arts is to protect rather than to harm the other person. Tae kwon do is the most commonly made use of type of martial arts. The actions are extremely elegant and requires amazing control.

The level of ability differs considerably in fighting styles, from novices to specialists. Martial Arts competitions are very popular. Along with tae and also karate kwon do, kickboxing rivals are chosen additionally.

Martial arts is a wonderful sporting activity for youngsters of any type of ages to participate in. They will certainly get fit, discover self discipline, and also have some fundamental skills for protecting themselves. It could aid with behavior problems as well including a short attention span, following directions, and also communication design.

There many variations of the martial arts. It is important to identify the sorts of methods and also trainings that will certainly be taken advantage of in a course prior to you sign up. There are furthermore fighting styles video clips you can get to utilize at residence.

Females frequently take fighting styles courses to figure it out actions that will certainly help them in the celebration of an attack. The actions of Fighting style are created for even a small female to utilize them effectively.

Tae kwon do is one of the most often used kind of fighting styles. There are also martial arts videos you can get to utilize at home.

Some of the links in the post above and else where on this page are “affiliate links.” This means if you click on the link and purchase the item, we will receive an affiliate commission. Regardless, we only recommend products or services we believe will add value to our readers.

Nov 272015
 
Aidido

Martial arts are a sport that integrates a range of various methods of fight. In some cases, martial arts are utilized just for use, in other cases; martial arts are utilized in head-to-head fight, in usually controlled circumstances, such as matches or programs. Due to the fact that martial arts consists of a range of different designs, it is typical when a person thinks about martial arts, that they consider one certain types, for instance, karate.

Nevertheless, there is more to martial arts than just karaoke. Karate is a stand up design of the art, in which Kung Fu, San Shou, Tae Kwon Do, Wushu, Kray Maga, Kickboxing, and Boxing likewise belong. When focusing on designs such as these, also referred to as stand u styles, blocking, kicking, and punching are the foremost focus when it concerns these kinds of martial arts.

Another style of the martial arts is called grappling or ground fighting. These are forms of fumbling, that consists of the martial art practices of Greco-Roman wrestling, Sambo, Shoot fighting, Shooto, and Brazilian Jujitsu.

Another design is exactly what is called tossing styles, in which an opponent attempts to unbalance the other by making use of methods of locks, journeys, or tosses. Within this style, arts such as Hapkido, Shuai Jiao, Aikido, and Judo live.

For weapons based martial arts, these are arts carried out utilizing weapons, and for the a lot of part are just made use of during cultural and standard screens, though Kali is still made use of as an effort of self-defense and battle. Arts within this category include Kendo, Lado, and Kali.

Not all martial art styles are utilized for combative purposes today, even if they were initially developed for that function. Now, numerous are instead made use of for exercise, relief of anxiety, internal energy, and breathing. A few of these low or meditative effect designs consist of the arts of Chi Gong, Bachelor’s degree Gua, and Tai Chi.

In some cases, martial arts are utilized just for use, in other cases; martial arts are utilized in head-to-head battle, in typically managed situations, such as programs or matches. Since martial arts includes a variety of various designs, it is regular when an individual thinks of martial arts, that they think of one certain types, for example, karate.

When concentrating on styles such as these, likewise understood as stand u designs, obstructing, kicking, and punching are the foremost focus when it comes to these forms of martial arts.

Some of the links in the post above and else where on this page are “affiliate links.” This means if you click on the link and purchase the item, we will receive an affiliate commission. Regardless, we only recommend products or services we believe will add value to our readers.

Nov 212015
 
Jui Jitus

What Is Jiu Jitsu? It is a Japanese type of martial art designs which includes grappling and striking techniques. When Japan was unified in the early 1600’s, history shows that this was first introduced prior to 750 ADVERTISEMENT and this reached its peak.

The reason that Jiu Jitsu grew was due to the fact that no one was permitted to carry weapons any longer. This meant that the only way to secure yourself was through hand to hand combat which even somebody smaller can do to win over a bigger and heavier challenger. In the years that followed, this martial art was taught to both the army and the cops.

Jiu Jitsu is sometimes spelled as jujitsu. No matter how you spell it, in English indicates the practice of gentleness. This can just be accomplished with appropriate timing and leverage so you are able to grab hold to your opponent and then execute a few strikes so this person is not a threat.

Aside from discovering ways to protect yourself, it alters you as an individual considering that you end up being more calm and concentrated. Students will likewise have the ability to learn other values such as effectiveness, yielding, surrender and perseverance.

In some schools, you will also learn ways to combat using a range of weapons, others will teach recovery methods like giving another individual a massage and there are those that put a heavy value on the research study of philosophical or spiritual ideas.

Jiu Jitsu generated other martial arts kinds. First is judo which is often compared to freestyle wrestling and while the 2 shares many techniques, Judo concentrates on self defense maneuvers so you have the ability to toss your opponent off balance then carry out a throw.

The other is Aikido as it makes use of hand strategies redirect the force utilized by the challenger. Once the danger is on the ground, you may now utilize different unpleasant hold strategies up until she or he surrenders. Their elbow joint will be dislocated or rendered unconscious if they don’t.

Jiu Jitsu is not a sport which is why unlike karate or tae kwon do, there are no competitors. The Brazilian type of Jiu Jitsu which was adjusted from Judo is. The International Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu Federation (IBJJF) is a significant regulating body for Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu (BJJ) which hosts several of the greatest competitions worldwide, including the European Championships, Mundials and Pan American.

This was founded by Carlos Gracie, Jr., head of Gracie Barra and kid of Carlos Gracie, the creator of this kind of martial art. The IBJJF is carefully tied to the Confederacao Brasileira de Jiu-Jitsu, sharing its regulations and guidelines.

Although Jiu Jitsu is quite old, its technique shows up in other martial arts. You will see this made use of by some fighters throughout combined martial arts competitors like the Ultimate Fighting Championship which has actually ended up being popular ever since this was first presented in the early 1990’s.

Royce Gracie used the Brazilian Jiu Jitsu technique and was the first, second, 3rd and 4th champion of this tournament.

Anyone can find out Jiu Jitsu. This is the factor that it is commonly taught in self-defense classes so anyone who is under hazard will have the ability to neutralize the assailant, escape and get help. All you need to do is discover a gym which provides it to students.

The factor why Jiu Jitsu flourished was because no one was allowed to carry weapons anymore. Jiu Jitsu is sometimes spelled as jujitsu. Jiu Jitsu is not a sport which is why unlike karate or tae kwon do, there are no competitions. The Brazilian type of Jiu Jitsu which was adapted from Judo is. Anybody can learn Jiu Jitsu.

Some of the links in the post above and else where on this page are “affiliate links.” This means if you click on the link and purchase the item, we will receive an affiliate commission. Regardless, we only recommend products or services we believe will add value to our readers.

Nov 152015
 
Mixed Martail Arts

Bruce Lee did more than blaze the movie screens with powerful, lightning quick punches and kicks. He launched a martial arts transformation and encouraged martial artists to break the ties that bound them as professionals. Lee released himself and other martial artists from the ties that limited the skills traditional fighters. He imagined unity among the divided disciplines of martial arts.

After years of research and development, Lee managed to fuse every helpful martial arts components into one system. He integrated western boxing, the Chinese style of Kung Fu called Wing Chun, and Western fencing and included little bits of Karate, Judo, Aikido, Muay Thai, and Jiu Jitsu. The outcome was a concept that worked as a forerunner for Mixed Martial Arts (MMA), called Jeet Kune Do (Way of the Intercepting Fist).

Jeet Kune Do, according to Lee, is not another martial arts style or method. Lee desired to develop a martial art that was unbound and totally free, where motions are basic, direct, and non-classical. The final phase of training developed for professionals of Jeet Kune Do was the “no limitation” phase where innovative students were complimentary to alter and explore their individual styles of battling.

He developed his stomach muscles due to the fact that these muscles play an essential function in the motion of martial artists. Lee constantly qualified and tried to accomplish optimal effectiveness, according him martial artists of his time lacked essential physical fitness to back up their ability. His workout was developed to prevent large muscles to prevent significant muscles that may conflict his martial arts motion.

Bruce Lee is one of the most recognized names in the world and achieved so much despite living a really brief life. His objective of breaking the bounds that acted has limiting elements started the genesis and succeeded of numerous hybrid martial arts. Lee did not end up being a seasoned martial artist overnight, his accomplishments are products of intense and energetic martial arts training coupled with correct nutrition.

He launched a martial arts transformation and motivated martial artists to break the ties that bound them as professionals. After years of research and advancement, Lee managed to fuse every helpful martial arts training components into one system. Jeet Kune Do, according to Lee, is not another martial arts style or method.

Lee desired to develop a martial art that was unbound and totally free, where motions are basic, direct, and non-classical. Lee did not become a seasoned martial artist overnight, his accomplishments are products of vigorous and extreme training coupled with proper nutrition.

    JVZoo Product Feed

  • Rockstar Power Suite 2.0 Rockstar Power Suite is a powerful software toolkit designed to assist in creating, optimizing, and deploying professional business graphics and advertisements.

    Creating visually stunning and effective media for marketing has never been easier! Our easy-

  • SILOBot SILOBot is a next generation WordPress plugin that will automatically link your website using the proven SILO structure. Decreases bounce rate, increases user experience, time on website, interaction, rankings, traffic and ultimately, SALES!
  • WP Speedy Links - Massive Traffic Package Special2 Massive Traffic Package Special - If you need traffic for any of your online ventures then look no further than this. With this package you get all the traffic training you will ever need.
  • Hangout Plugin Mastermind Connections And Training Online Presenation Mastermind Package. STRICTLY LIMITED.
Some of the links in the post above and else where on this page are “affiliate links.” This means if you click on the link and purchase the item, we will receive an affiliate commission. Regardless, we only recommend products or services we believe will add value to our readers.

Nov 122015
 
Aikido Training

Aikido is martial arts that resulted from the combination of several disciplines. It was created by Ueshiba sometime in the 1940s. It was the result of Ueshiba’s search for a technique that provided him with contentment not only in the technical sense but also in the spiritual end.

Aikido comes from the three Japanese words, ai-ki-do, which means joining, spirit, and way respectively. In essence, aikido is a martial arts form that focuses on the joining of the spirit and the body and the mind to find the Way.

Aikido has many techniques and moves. When they are fighting with spears and swords, its basic structure comes from the throws and locks found in jujitsu and also from the movements that experts do.

Fundamental Techniques of aikido
Let’s look at the different fundamental movements of this martial arts.
Ikkyo
This is the first technique in aikido, where control is achieved by the use of the hand on the elbow and one near the wrist. This is the grip that is also that can apply pressure into the ulnar, which can be found in the medial portion of the arm.

Nikyo
This is the second of the techniques, which is characterized by an adductive wristlock that twists the arm and then applies pressure in the nerve that can be really painful.

Sankyo
This is the third technique that incorporates a pronating move. It directs an upward tension all through the elbow, the arm and the shoulder.

Yonkyo
The fourth installment in the fundamental movements of aikido, yonkyo uses a shoulder control movement similar to a ikkyo but this time there is no gripping of the forearm. Instead, the knuckles apply pressure on the radial nerve

Gokyo
The fifth technique is actually a variant of ikkyo. This time the hand gripping the wrist is inverted and twisted.

Aikido protective moves
Here are some of the moves that you can use in order to disarm your opponent.

Kotogaeshi– this is what is called in the English as the wrist return. In this move, the practitioner will place a wristlock and throw that will stretch up to the extensor digitorum

Iriminage– called the entering-body throw, here the practitioner or the nage will move into the space where the uke or the opponent is. This classic move resembles the clothesline technique.

Kokyunage– this is the breath throw, a term that refers to the various types of “timing throws.”.

Koshinage– this move is aikido’s version of the hip throw where in the person will drop his hips a little lower than the uke or the opponent. He will then flip the opponent with a resultant fulcrum.

Tenchinage– Called the heaven and earth throw because of the levels that the hands will reach. The uke or the practitioner will grab both wrists and then moves forwardm grabbing the hand low and the other high. This unbalances the uke, which will cause him or her to topple over.

Shihonage- this is the four-direction throw, wherein the hand is folded back past the shoulders and then afterwards locking the joints in the shoulder.

Kaitennage- called the rotation throw, in kaitennage, the nage or the practitioner will move the arm backwards until the shoulder joints are locked. He will then use this position to add pressure.

Jujinage- this is the throw that is characterized by a throw that locks the arms together. This is called shape like a 10 throw because of its cross-shape, which looks like 10 in kanji.

Aikido is martial arts that resulted from the combination of several disciplines. It was the result of Ueshiba’s search for a technique that provided him with contentment not only in the technical sense but also in the spiritual end.

Tenchinage– Called the heaven and earth throw because of the levels that the hands will reach. The practitioner or the uke will grab both wrists and then moves forwardm grabbing the hand low and the other high. This unbalances the uke, which will cause him or her to topple over.

Some of the links in the post above and else where on this page are “affiliate links.” This means if you click on the link and purchase the item, we will receive an affiliate commission. Regardless, we only recommend products or services we believe will add value to our readers.

Nov 112015
 
Zemanta Related Posts Thumbnail

“To win one hundred victories in one hundred battles is not the highest skill. To subdue the enemy without fighting is the highest skill.”– Sun Tzu, The Art of War

A lot has been said about martial arts. There’s a lot punching, kicking, and wrestling involved– all considered as systems and tools of brutal force. This notion or preconceptions about the martial arts were developed, in a large measure, due to films and movies that depicted the combative arts as a means of inflicting violence. But in reality, the true aim of martial arts is quite exactly the opposite. At the core of every fighting philosophy are the values of valor, chivalry, nobility, self-control, and self-sacrifice. This art form is not just about fighting, combat, or self-defense. Martial arts philosophy stresses that people should live in peace and harmony. It also emphasizes respect for self and others, compassion, and a high regard for moral and physical excellence. In its purest form, the martial arts is practiced to achieve strength and enlightenment of the mind, spirit, and body.

For thousands of years, different people from different cultures have practiced and propagated their own system of martial arts. These unique forms of self-defense and philosophies include the following:
· Karate (empty hand).
· Muay Thai (Thai boxing or kick-boxing).
· Tae Kwon Do (foot hand way).
· Wing Chun (forever spring).
· Silat (to fend off).
· Aikido (the way of harmonious spirit).
· Judo (gentle, soft way).
· Yaw-yan (dance of death).
· Jeet Kune Do (way of the intercepting fist).
· Jiu-jitsu (the soft, pliable method).

Spiritual Benefits.

True achievement in martial arts is not gaining the force and skill to smash bricks, cement blocks, baseball bats, and blocks of ice. Neither is it the privilege of wearing different colors of belts nor the prestige of winning sparring championship titles or tournament trophies. The real value of martial arts is in helping individuals harness their natural physical strength and innate goodness of character.
The power within– the elevation of the spirit and the mind. The spiritual side of the martial arts is not religious in any sense but more closely related to the practice of ethics and philosophy. Spirituality in the martial arts is manifested in several training methods and techniques which includes breathing and relaxation drills. According to experts, these drills may help reduce stress and anxiety. Engaging in martial arts also helps people in their battle against emotional, physical, and mental stress and ailments. The deep breathing exercises, similar to the techniques of yoga, produce a calming effect on a martial artist. The inhalation of oxygen and the concentration involved in meditative execution of martial arts routines serve to relax the body and provide “stillness” in the mind during practice. In many martial arts schools, the promotion not only centers of the defensive aspects but also for the benefits of martial arts in coping with anxiety. Long-time martial arts practitioners attest that physical training has helped them deal with depression, insomnia, high blood pressure, and other related illness. To some degree, one can even “shout away” both stress and anxiety during a punching or kicking exercise.

Mental Benefits.

Today, martial arts therapy is used as an unconventional treatment for children or adults with social anxiety disorders. Known as social phobia, this condition refers to excessive, long-lasting anxiety due to various fears, worries and apprehensions. In general, people with social anxiety disorder have an intense fear of being judged or ridiculed by others. People with this condition may often be found in isolation or may only have very few friends. Through martial arts training, people with anxieties may be taught to improve their social skills at the same time as they learn self-defense. These individuals are also taught to develop self-respect and respect for others. By attending self-defense classes, people with anxieties slowly gain confidence and develop healthy relationships with other people in and outside the class. Regular martial arts practice not only provides skills in self-defense. More importantly, it restores or improves the self-image of the practitioner.

Some precautions in practicing martial arts.

In general, the martial arts is an excellent means to achieve physical fitness and spiritual health. But if it is practiced carelessly or without proper instruction, the physical activities and routines involved in martial arts training may cause harm or injury. Certain very strenuous movements may put a high stress on the muscles and joints. It is also very important to give special attention to stretching. Stretching regularly to maintain or increase flexibility helps lower the risk of injuries.

Indeed, the martial arts has a deep meaning and philosophy. It is a centuries-old way of training a fighter– how not to fight, which is a paradox in the art and science of combat. These days, it is now one of the most popular means to attain physical health and to control stress and anxiety. Just like everything else in life, martial arts can be used either for good or for bad. For the serious practitioner, determining the proper and safe ways of training is as important as gaining the true, philosophical aims of the martial arts.

Martial arts philosophy stresses that people should live in peace and harmony. Engaging in martial arts also helps people in their battle against emotional, physical, and mental stress and ailments. In many martial arts schools, the promotion not only centers of the defensive aspects but also for the benefits of martial arts in coping with anxiety. Today, martial arts therapy is used as an unconventional treatment for children or adults with social anxiety disorders. Through martial arts training, people with anxieties may be taught to improve their social skills at the same time as they learn self-defense.

Some of the links in the post above and else where on this page are “affiliate links.” This means if you click on the link and purchase the item, we will receive an affiliate commission. Regardless, we only recommend products or services we believe will add value to our readers.

Nov 082015
 
Martial Arts Styles

Martial Arts are the various forms of self-defense, usually weaponless, based on techniques developed in ancient China, India, and Tibet. Jujitsu teaches skills that enable one to overcome a bigger, stronger opponent. Other popular forms of martial arts include kung tae, karate, and fu kwon do, all of which emphasize blows with the feet and the side of the hand, and kendo, in which leather-covered bamboo “swords are used.

martial

Function: adjective.

Pronunciation:’m är-shl.

Date: 14th century.

Etymology: Middle English, from Latin martialis of Mars, from Mart-, Mars.

1: of, relating to, or suited for war or a warrior.

2: relating to an army or to military life.

3: experienced in or inclined to war: WARLIKE.

The dictionary definition handy at the moment defines a martial art as “Any of several Oriental arts of combat or self-defense, as karate, judo, or tae kwon do, usually practiced as a sport.”.

Martial Arts.

Typically this group uses “Martial Art” in one of two ways:.

– mar.tial.ly/ adverb.

The term “martial art” is used in (at least) two different ways. This can be confusing. Some dictionary definitions only make things worse.

1) The first definition is a generic one, which defines a “Martial Art” as the study of any kind of combat and/or self-defense techniques.

This definition includes both those arts practiced primarily as a sport, and those arts practiced primarily for self-defense. In its broadest usage, this definition includes learning how to drive a tank or drop bombs out of a plane as a Martial Art. This explains the somewhat facetious references you will see to “Gun Fu”, the martial art of learning how to use firearms (implying, as the dictionary definition does, that a martial art must be oriental to be legitimate).

2) The second definition is much narrower, and draws a distinction between a “Martial ART” and a “Martial WAY”. To offer a gross simplification:.

A martial art is the study of an art that emphasizes only physical techniques. The emphasis on this distinction is very clear for those arts that have Japanese names. Typically, Japanese martial * art * style names end in “jutsu”, such as “jiu-jutsu”, “aiki-jiujutsu”, or “ken-jutsu”.

Date: 13th century.

art.

Pronunciation: ‘ärt.

Function: noun.

Etymology: Middle English, from Old French, from Latin art-, ars– more at ARM.

1: skill acquired by observation, experience, or study.

2 a: a branch of learning: (1): one of the humanities (2) plural: LIBERAL ARTS b archaic: LEARNING, SCHOLARSHIP.

3: an occupation requiring knowledge or skill.

4 a: the conscious use of skill and creative imagination especially in the production of aesthetic objects; also: works so produced b (1): FINE ARTS (2): one of the fine arts (3): a graphic art.

5 a archaic: a skillful plan b: the quality or state of being artful.

6: illustrative or decorative elements in printed matter.

A martial art is any skill that can be applied in warfare. A martial art is a military art. Did it occur to you that horsemanship, javelin throwing, archery, spear fighting, halberd fighting, wrestling, knife fighting, shotgun, rifle, and pistol shooting, demolitions, logistics, and battle strategy are all martial arts?

Other popular forms of martial arts include kung fu, tae, and karate kwon do, all of which emphasize blows with the feet and the side of the hand, and kendo, in which leather-covered bamboo “swords are used. In its broadest usage, this definition includes learning how to drive a tank or drop bombs out of a plane as a Martial Art. This explains the somewhat facetious references you will see to “Gun Fu”, the martial art of learning how to use firearms (implying, as the dictionary definition does, that a martial art must be oriental to be legitimate).

ART implies a personal, unanalyzable creative power. SKILL stresses technical knowledge and proficiency. ARTIFICE suggests technical skill especially in imitating things in nature.

Martial Arts.

A martial art is the study of an art that emphasizes only physical techniques. A martial art is a military art.

Some of the links in the post above and else where on this page are “affiliate links.” This means if you click on the link and purchase the item, we will receive an affiliate commission. Regardless, we only recommend products or services we believe will add value to our readers.

Dec 272012
 

When choosing the Taekwondo school that is right for you, you have to look at important things that will serve as your basis for deciding on one.

1. The environment you will be learning and training.

Do not be impressed by how big the school is. Size does not matter as long as you feel comfortable in there.

Also, do not be amazed by large number of trophies. Although they may indicate a very successful and competitive Taekwondo school, they could also just be showing off. Check carefully first.

You may not want to invest your time and money in a school that do not allow you to watch their classes. Without seeing a class, you will not be able to get a good feel for the school.

Do not be afraid to ask questions. Forget about looking stupid or asking the wrong questions. They are going to be teaching and training you and you may want to get any concerns or considerations you have out before you commit to anything.

Look for another Taekwondo school if you feel bullied or threatened in any manner in the school you are in.

2. The people that will become your partners.

Try to watch some classes without participating and then ask to participate. See if the behavior of the students changes by the fact that there is a new person in their class.

What follows is a quick checklist, to which you can add your own points, based on what you consider important.

Looking up these things will give you a solid ground to choose from:

Are the students good?

This is a measure of the quality of the students and their primary skill at martial arts. Picture yourself with these people. Are they attentive, respectful and interested in being there? If yes, then they are definitely good signs.

Is there a combination of upper and lower ranks?

This is not obvious without belt rankings, etc. It is usually a good sign if advanced, intermediate and beginning students are practicing together.

Check the approach of the higher ranked students. Their help will probably be very important in your advancement in the Art you choose.

There are some Taekwondo schools that have classes separated by rank though. So better inquire.

3. The instructor.

You need to have some basic trust in the individual when you have just begun.

The instructor is the person who is going to be guiding your development as a martial artist. You need to feel comfortable with him or her, and feel secure in receiving instruction from them.

Do the students get personalized attention?

This will be a good judge of how valuable your time will be. If there is a good amount of instructor to student attention there will be more value for you.

4. The logistics of the school.

The best way to determine if a Taekwondo school is being reasonable is to compare what they offer for their prices.

Find out if there are extra charges for going up in rank, find out if there are organizational dues, tournament fees, mat fees, etc.

There may be other considerations you want to look at and specific questions you have about an instructor, school, organization, or style you are looking at.

Find out the questions you want answered and you will find the perfect Taekwondo school for you.

Some of the links in the post above and else where on this page are “affiliate links.” This means if you click on the link and purchase the item, we will receive an affiliate commission. Regardless, we only recommend products or services we believe will add value to our readers.

The owner of this website is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn
advertising fees by advertising and linking to Amazon properties including, but not limited to, amazon.com, endless.com, myhabit.com, smallparts.com, or amazonwireless.com.
HomePrivacy PolicyTerms Of UseMedical DisclaimerAnti Spam PolicyContact UsAffiliate DisclosureAmazon Affiliate DisclaimerDMCAEarnings Disclaimer